Thursday, December 02, 2010

Why family planning is needed in the Philippines

From IRIN, a story on why family planning is "urgently" needed in the Philippines.

Population and sustainable development experts warn that the Philippine population could reach levels that will prevent the country from ever breaking free from a cycle of poverty.

"We need to lower birth rates to 2.2 percent, which is just the sustainable replacement rate," Malcolm Potts from the Bixby Center for Population, Health and Sustainability, told IRIN, warning that at current fertility rates of 3.03 percent, the Philippine population of 94 million could reach 150 million in just 10 years.

Citing Department of Health studies indicating that women in the poorest quintile have 5.9 children while those in the richest quintile have 1.9 children, Potts said, "It's very simple; poor people cannot separate sex from child-bearing. We must give the poor access to family planning and contraception to give them choices."

The Guttmacher Institute, a US-based reproductive health think-tank, released a study in 2009 showing that 35 percent of poor Filipino women aged 15-49 accounted for 53 percent of the unmet need for contraception.

Highest unemployment rate

The Philippines has the highest unemployment rate in the Southeast Asian region at 8 percent compared with Indonesia at 7.9 percent, Vietnam at 4.6 percent, Malaysia at 3.7 percent and Thailand at 1.5 percent.

According to the World Bank, poverty incidence rose from 30 percent in 2003 to 32.9 percent in 2006.

"Having fewer children will allow the poor to invest more in education and health for their children to improve their lives when they grow up," Ernesto Pernia, a professor at the University of the Philippines School of Economics said, citing the correlation between family size and poverty incidence.

Urgent need for legislation

There is no national legislation on the standardization of budgets for family planning and reproductive healthcare services for the poor.

The Reproductive Health Bill aims to address this by providing a full range of contraceptive options, including the pill and condoms, as well as natural birth-control methods.

However, the bill is staunchly opposed by the influential Catholic Church that only approves of natural family planning methods requiring periodic abstinence.

The Bill has been wildly debated for the past 15 years.

"Natural family planning, also known as the rhythm method, has never played a role in fertility decline in any country, whether Catholic or not," Potts said.

Martha Campbell, president of Ventures Strategies for Health and Development, which studies reproductive healthcare strategies for developing countries said, "Other Catholic countries like Mexico and Brazil have already decided that the Vatican doesn't need to step into their reproductive lives. The Philippines is the only remaining country where the Catholic Church has a stranglehold on women's health."

"Population growth is a public welfare issue that affects the poorest of the poor. Other poverty containment efforts will never be sufficient until we can curb population growth," said Congresswoman Kaka Bag-ao of the Akbayan Citizen's Action Party, which is pushing for the passage of the Bill.

On 8 December, the UN Population Fund and the International Council on Management of Population Programmes (ICOMP) will hold a regional consultation on family planning in Bangkok.

The goal of the three-day meeting is to gain support from governments and civil societies to prioritize family planning programmes and increase investments in family planning to help achieve the Millennium Development Goals, and particularly, universal access to reproductive health.

1 comment:

creative said...

We cant deny the fact that we people are really want to live in a luxurious way of living, we want to live in a big house furnished with expensive things, drive a nice car, and have a complete happy family.If anyone can achieve all of this, what else can he ask for? he already have everything that most of the people may desire.If this things would be that easy maybe at this time there are no people who are starving for food, a person who doesn't have a shelter, and no one of them are malnourished.But of course, things wont be that easy to achieve what you desire in your life, in order for you to acquire such dreams you need to have a work, not just a simple work but a work that could sustain your needs.
At its most basic level, the unemployment rate tells you whether the job market is getting worse or better. That’s important because with a growing number of people out of work, you’re likely to see a drop in consumer spending, the fuel that powers more than two-thirds of the economy. Rising unemployment also suggests that businesses are pessimistic and reducing labor costs rather than investing in expansion. The official report of unemployment rate here in the Philippines , which is tracked by the Department of Labor and Employment says that in last graduation the unemployment rate increases to 0.7 percent compare in the last year .Despite of the Economic Growth here in the Philippines ,the problems of unemployment rate here is still very visible and the Government still could not solve it.Then I ask my self “Is there any chance that anyone of us can attain a stable job?
Much of the discussion on finding solutions to the unemployment problem has centered on the vital role of faster economic growth. Faster economic growth is viewed as a means of generating more jobs, that’s why the government has to do something in order for the investors and big companies to set up there business here in the Philippines because it can help to produce a lot of jobs for the Filipinos and it can reduce the problem of unemployment rate in the Philippines. Here in the Philippines , we also have a very serious problem about the corruption, this is a very serious problem here in the Philippines because instead for the money allotted for improving the infrastructures, and programs to encourage the tourists to come in the Philippines , the high officials of our government uses this money for there own purposes.As a result, the unemployment rate in the Philippines is increasing year by year and that's because of few people who thinks for there own and we common people are the one who is being affected of what they have done.
Most of the people would try to ask their selves “Is there a chance for me to have a stable job? Will that question is answerable by your self because if you keep on complaining that you don't have a job, you really cant have it because you keep on complaining and you don't take an action in order for you to have a job, or in other words having a stable job depends on our actions, on our desires to have it.So, if you want to have a stable job, you better work hard for it, and make some investments like going to school to assure that you can have the job that you desire.